Eric Michael Swalwell was born on November 16, 1980 at Sac City, Iowa. His parents Eric Nelson Swalwell and Vicky Joe Swalwell were both Republicans. His father served as police chief in Algona, Iowa. Later they settled in Dublin, California.
Graduated from Wells Middle School and then from Dublin High School in 1999. As a child, he has to wear an eyepatch for a condition of Bell's palsy and worried the paralysis would never go away. To treat the condition, he had to wear an eyepatch.
Briefly attended Campbell University on a soccer scholarship. Earned bachelor degree from the University of Maryland (politics) and served as a student liaison to the College Park City Council. Earned juris doctor from the University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law (2006).
Worked as a deputy district attorney in Alameda County, California. Was appointed to multiple municipal commissions in Dublin and served the Dublin City Council. Won Dublin city council in 2010. Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives to represent the East Bay in Congress(2012).
His area of election is called district 15, consisting eastern Alameda County and part of central Contra Costa County (2013 to 2023,). He is a member of the Democratic Party. Won election in years 2012, 2014,2016,2018,2020.
George P. Miller held the seat of district 15 from year 1945 to 1973; Stark won it after unseating Miller in the 1972 Democratic primary. In year 2012 after defeating Stark, Swalwell became the third person to represent his district since year 1945.
Swalwell has co-chaired the House Democratic Steering Committee since 2017. He was a candidate in the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries .But later he dropped out and endorsed for candidate Joe Biden.
He innovatively uses social media to connect with constituents In April 2016,newspaper The Hill dubbed him "the Snapchat king of Congress". During June 2016. he used Periscope and Facebook Live to broadcast House Democrats' gun-violence sit-in.
During a House vote on 18th June of 2013, Swalwell recorded video of his vote against a bill banning abortions after 20 weeks (the video was of duration six-second showing him press the "nay" button on the EVM) and uploaded it to Vine internet video service.
In December, 2013, Swalwell introduced the Philippines Charitable Giving Assistance Act into the House for tax benefits in for donations made between January to April,2014 for relief of victims of Typhoon Haiyan in Philippines.
In March 2014, President Barack Obama signed Philippines Charitable Giving Assistance Act introduced by him into law. By the end of his first term, he introduced three bills into the House and two of them signed into law more than any other freshman.
During second term, he served on the United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, as ranking member of its Central Intelligence Agency Subcommittee and member of United States House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology.
In April 2015, Swalwell founded a group of young House Democrats focused on the concerns of millennial named Future Forum.
In February 2016,he was selected as vice-chair of the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee. In December 2016, named the co-chair of House Democratic Steering Committee. He also served United States House Committee on the Judiciary.
He also served Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property, and Subcommittee on Regulatory Reform, Commercial and Antitrust Law. In January 2023, he was removed from the Intelligence committee on speculation about link with Christine Fang.